Orthodontics is the branch of dentistry that corrects teeth and jaws that are positioned improperly. Such as teeth straightening with orthodontic braces.

Orthodontic treatment at Spedding Dental Clinic is carried out by Sally Walker. Sally is an Orthodontic Consultant at the Cumberland Infirmary in Carlisle, and has joined our team at Spedding Dental Clinic to provide specialist orthodontics. Sally is currently the only specialist orthodontist working in private practice in Cumbria.

Benefits of Orthodontics:

  • Improving your appearance, including your smile.

  • Correction of dental crowding and straightening of your teeth.

  • Correction of your bite so front and back teeth meet evenly.

  • Reducing the chance of damage to prominent teeth.

  • Correctly positioned teeth are easier to clean.

  • Closure of unsightly spaces after teeth are lost.

Who can have Orthodontics?

Not just children! Adult Orthodontics is one of the fastest growing dental specialities, age is no barrier to improving your smile. 

Teeth straightening (orthodontics) is the kindest way to improve your smile, as it is non-invasive and can give life-long results.

Sally is happy to take referrals for all types of teeth straightening, and can provide cosmetic options for patients who wish to wear more discrete braces. All treatment is on a private basis, for both adults and children.

Sally is a member of the British Orthodontic Society, the Craniofacial Society of Great Britain and Ireland, and has a specialist interest in the treatment of cleft lip and palate.

If you would like to have a Consultation appointment to assess viability of treatment with Sally, this can be arranged by a simple referral to us by your own dentist.

Frequently Asked Orthodontics Questions

What is orthodontic treatment? 

Orthodontic treatment is a way of straightening or moving teeth, to improve the appearance of the teeth and how they work. It can also help to look after the long-term health of the teeth, gums and jaw joints, by spreading the biting pressure over all the teeth. 

Why should I have orthodontic treatment? 

Many people have crowded or crooked teeth. Orthodontic treatment will straighten the teeth or move them into a better position. This can improve not only their appearance but also the way the teeth bite together, while also making them easier to clean. 

In some patients, the upper front teeth can stick out and look unsightly. These ‘prominent’ teeth are more likely to be damaged, but orthodontic treatment can move them back into line. In others, the way the upper and lower jaws meet can cause teeth to look unsightly and lead to an incorrect bite. Orthodontic treatment may be able to correct both. 

When the teeth don’t meet correctly, this can put a strain on the muscles of the jaw, causing jaw and joint problems and in some cases, headaches. Orthodontic treatment can help you to bite more evenly and reduce the strain. 

At what age should I have orthodontic treatment? 

Orthodontic treatment is generally best carried out in children, but adults can have orthodontic treatment —and more and more are doing. Age is less important than having the proper number of teeth. In children, it may be necessary to wait for enough teeth to come through before starting treatment. 


What does it involve? 

The most important thing is to have a full examination. This will usually involve looking at your teeth, taking x-rays and making plaster models of your teeth. 

Your dentist or orthodontist will then discuss what treatment is possible. Once you are sure you want to go ahead, the procedure can begin as soon as you have enough permanent teeth. 

Will I need to have teeth taken out to make room? 

You may not have enough room for all your permanent teeth, and so it may be necessary to take out some permanent teeth to make space. Your dentist will tell you whether this is the case. Sometimes space can be created using other forms of treatment.

How is the treatment carried out? 

Orthodontic treatment can be done by many sorts of appliances, which most people know as ‘braces’. 

What is a removable appliance? 

Simple treatment may be carried out with a removable appliance (a plate that can be taken out to be cleaned). It has delicate wires and springs attached, which move the teeth using gentle pressure. 

What is a functional appliance? 

It is sometimes possible to change the way the jaws grow, using orthodontic appliances. These functional appliances use the power of your jaw muscles and can help with certain types of problem. 

What is a fixed appliance? 

Often, teeth need to be guided more accurately than they can be using a removable plate. So fixed appliances are used. These have brackets and bands temporarily stuck to the teeth. A flexible wire joins all the brackets and allows the teeth to be moved. It is not possible for the patient to take the appliance out and so it is called a fixed appliance. 

What are the brackets made of? 

Fixed braces are not always made of metal. Plastic and ceramic can be used, especially for adults. You cannot generally get these braces on the NHS, but they are offered as a private treatment option. 

What are elastics? 

It may be necessary to attach delicate elastic bands to a fixed brace to help move the teeth. Your orthodontist will tell you if you need elastics. 

What are ‘invisible braces’? 

They are sturdy, clear plastic ‘aligners’ (moulds) that are used to straighten teeth. Several sets of specially moulded, slightly different aligners are made for each patient. Each set is worn for two weeks before being replaced with the next one. They are made from clear plastic, so they are nearly invisible. This means that no one need know you are straightening your teeth. 

The aligners should be worn for 22 to 23 hours a day for the best results. They can be easily removed for eating, drinking, brushing and flossing. It would be best if you had all your adult teeth before you can have this treatment. 

How long will it take? 

The length of treatment depends on how severe the problem is, and may take anything from a few months to two-and-a-half years. Most people can be treated in one to two years. 

What happens when the teeth are in the right position? 

When treatment is finished, the teeth need to be held in position for a time. This period is called retention, and the appliances that hold the teeth in place are called retainers. 

The retainers hold newly straightened teeth in position while the surrounding gum and bone settle. The retainers can be removable or fixed depending on the original problem. 

How many visits will it take? 

Orthodontic appliances usually need adjusting every 4 to 6 weeks. Your orthodontist will tell you how often your appliance will need adjusting. 

Will it hurt? 

All appliances may feel strange, to begin with, and can cause discomfort. If the problem doesn’t go away, the orthodontist may be able to carry out adjustments to help. Teeth are usually uncomfortable immediately after adjustment, but this will settle. 

How successful will it be? 

Success depends on a partnership between the skills of the orthodontist, and the enthusiasm and help of patient and parents. It is important to attend regularly and carry out any instructions given by the orthodontist. 

The success of the treatment also depends on the commitment of the patient. 

For children’s orthodontic treatment, the patient must be as keen as the parent. 

Can orthodontics damage my teeth? 

Your teeth can be damaged if they are not adequately looked after during treatment. Appliances will not in themselves cause damage, but poor cleaning and too many sugary food and drinks can cause permanent damage. Brackets, wires and braces can trap food and cause more plaque than usual to build up. So the teeth and appliance need to be cleaned very thoroughly. 

Is orthodontic work permanent? 

Even after retention, it is normal for minor tooth movements to happen throughout life, so no permanent guarantee can be given. However, it is unusual for teeth to alter enough to need further treatment. 

How do I care for my brace and teeth? 

It is essential to continue to have your teeth checked by your dentist while having orthodontic treatment. You also need to take extra care of your teeth and mouth: 

Clean your teeth carefully every day, including between your teeth where you can. Appliances are delicate, and you need to make sure you clean them nicely so that they do not break. Your dentist or hygienist will be able to show you the special techniques to use depending on the appliance you are wearing. 

Cut down on how often you have sugary foods and drinks. Avoid ‘snacking’ on foods or beverages containing sugars, and on fizzy drinks. Also, sticky and hard foods may damage delicate orthodontic appliances. 

Brush your teeth for two minutes, twice a day with fluoride toothpaste and, if necessary, use a mouthwash. Your dentist or hygienist may recommend a fluoride toothpaste or application for you to use. Look for a product carrying the British Dental Health Foundation’s accreditation logo. This shows that the product has been checked by a panel of experts and does what it says on the packet. 


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